What is API and How Does It Govern Gas Safety?

API stands for the American Petroleum Institute formed in 1919. API has developed more than 700 standards to increase operational safety and sustainability across the industry. These standards help enhance safety of operations, assure quality and keep costs down and reduce waste. Additionally, they help speed acceptance and bring products to the market quicker.

Standards for India’s oil and gas sector are issued by the Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) within the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. India’s national standards development organization, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) within the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, has also developed standards for the oil and gas sector and represents India within the ISO and other international bodies.

API signed an MOU with OISD in March 2014 to provide support in the development of standards. OISD has widely adopted API standards and broadly accepts and/or requires adherence with them from oil and gas sector participants. In total, 34 API standards are referenced in the mandatory OISD standards and in guidance from the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

API has developed several standards to assist oil and gas industry in promoting public safety. Hence, because API standards are ANSI accredited, policymakers and companies can trust that API standards meet industry’s criteria along with sufficient margins for safety and environmental protection.

India’s Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has recommended that exploration and production companies meet the guidelines laid out in 20 API standards on preventative inspections and high quality equipment.

Because API standards are global in scope and are already deployed by many regulators and operators around the world, adoption of

API standards can help nations better integrate with the global economy.

Moreover, using API standards helps policymakers ensure that technical regulation complies with global trade rules. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade requires that WTO members use international standards as a basis for technical regulation. This is also the case for most bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements.

Saraswat Engineers Pvt. Ltd. (SEPL) is an ISO certified company and are pioneers in gas handling equipment. SEPL prides themselves for providing the best products as per API standards, especially API 520/526 and API 6/6d. Now SEPL is a well established name in the market known for the quality, endurance, durability and efficiency of their products.

API Standard 520 – Covers methods of installation for pressure- relief devices (PRDs) for equipment that has a maximum allowable working pressure of 15 psig (103 kPAg) or greater.

Pressure-relief valves (PRVs) or rupture disks (RDs) may be used independently or in combination with each other to provide the required protection against excessive pressure accumulation.

API Standard 526 – It is a standard with the objective of guiding engineers, manufacturers, end users and buyers in the selection, specification, manufacturing standardization and purchase of safety valves. These valves can be operated by spring with or without balancing bellows; or operated by a pilot valve (pilot-operated).

API Standard 6/6d – This specification defines the requirements for the design, manufacturing, assembly, testing, and documentation of ball, check, gate, and plug valves for application in pipeline and piping systems for the petroleum and natural gas industries. Ball Valve for Hydrocarbon is one of the most popular products of SEPL made as per this standard.

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